10 Things You Must Discuss in Parent-Teacher Conferences

A guide outlining key discussion points for productive parent-teacher conferences.

Parent-teacher conferences are an essential part of education. In most school districts, the first parent-teacher conferences begin sometime in October. Conferences allow teachers and parents to discuss a student’s educational strengths and needs.

Most teachers prepare for this meeting by collecting student schoolwork samples and assessment results to share with parents. A conference is supposed to give parents an overview of how their child is doing in class, academic expectations, and long-term goals.

However, not all parent-teacher conferences give parents enough information about their child’s learning progress and experience.

Teachers can discuss several important topics to help parents understand their child’s educational journey. These topics may vary depending on the student’s educational strengths and academic needs. Parents should be ready to ask relevant questions to get teachers to elaborate on their child’s progress in school.

Each suggestion below forms part of the topics educators tend to discuss during parent-teacher conferences. Each topic provides a brief overview to help parents and teachers understand what to discuss during a parent-teacher conference. These suggestions can be addressed in any grade level or content area.

In Class Progress

During parent-teacher conferences, discussions typically commence with an overview of the child’s in-class progress. Teachers provide insights into the student’s school experience, covering aspects like classroom behavior and peer interactions. Additionally, they often share samples of the student’s work.

Student work examples offer parents a firsthand look at the type of assignments and activities their child engages in during school hours. This serves as an excellent opportunity for parents to gain a deeper understanding of their child’s daily school routine, often accompanied by concrete examples provided by the teacher.

Academic Expectations

To address academic expectations, the teacher can delve into detailed aspects of your child’s academic journey, exploring their progress in key subjects such as English language arts, math, science, and social studies. They can provide a thorough overview of the grade-level expectations for each subject area, highlighting specific achievements and areas for improvement.

Discussing your child’s strengths and weaknesses across different subjects aims to offer a comprehensive understanding of their academic performance. This session allows parents to gain valuable insights into their child’s educational development, enabling them to support and encourage their learning journey better.

Long-term Goals

Following the discussion on academic expectations, the teacher can shift focus to long-term goals tailored to your child’s educational journey. These goals can be crafted collaboratively with parents to ensure alignment with the student’s needs and aspirations. For instance, the teacher can present a strategic plan to enhance your child’s academic performance or foster better social interactions within the classroom environment.

These long-term objectives serve as roadmaps for guiding your child’s growth and development throughout the academic year. By involving parents in this process, teachers seek to foster a supportive partnership that empowers students to thrive academically and socially.

parent teacher conference checklist

Special Needs

As a parent, this is the perfect time to share and address any special needs or concerns that may impact your child’s academic environment, including specific accommodations that may be necessary.  If your child has learning difficulties requiring documented accommodations, bring a list.

Some students may have an individual education plan that provides specific accommodations in the learning environment. This may include reading aloud or extended testing time. Could you mention any accommodations you are aware of to make sure these are implemented in the classroom?

Medical Needs  

Some information to discuss in parent-teacher conferences may include your child’s medical needs. For example, this is a great time to share that your child wears eyeglasses during reading. Also, weather seating up front is necessary to avoid any distractions. This may also include behavior concerns that have happened in the past that may deem necessary to share or discuss.

Consider mentioning any disorder, such as Attention deficit disorder or hyperactivity. It is also essential to discuss any medical advice from your family doctor that may affect your child’s performance in school. Medication may be a topic to discuss with the school nurse, but it is also essential to make a teacher aware of medication needs.

Student Assessments

Students’ academic abilities are regularly assessed in different areas to determine their academic abilities. Assessments determine a student’s math, reading, writing, science, and social studies abilities. Most schools administer benchmark assessments three times yearly to measure reading and mathematics progress.

The assessment results inform each student’s strengths and areas of need. Teachers use the results of the assessments to inform and plan their instruction in the classroom. Goals are also set using the results of the first assessment administered at the beginning of the school year.

Student assessments are an area you should discuss during the parent-teacher conference. Teachers should be able to discuss information about different types of assessments. For instance, benchmark tests are student assessments done throughout the school year, while standardized testing is state-level tests usually administered at the end of the school year. Ask about any testing results that may be available.

Ask about your child’s most recent assessment results. Consider asking specific questions:

  • How did your child score in each area?
  • What are some needs for your child, as noted by the assessment?
  • What will the teacher do to support your child’s areas of need?
  • How did they score in each area?

Discuss Strengths

As noted above, part of the teacher and parent discussion should focus on your child’s strengths. Strength is important to discuss because teachers may use a student’s strength to address areas of need. Ask about your child’s reading, writing, and mathematical strengths and compare what you see as their academic strengths at home.

Other non-academic strengths may include a student’s ability to stay on task, positiveness, persistence, and favorite activities. Share some areas of strengths you may be aware of about your child.

Discuss Areas of Needs

Once you’ve discussed areas of strength, you’ll most likely move on to areas of need. Academic needs can range from various necessary skills to successfully completing school tasks. Take notes about your child’s academic needs and ask how you can support them from home to help address an area of need.

Parents can support most academic needs from home. Ask the teacher what you can do from home to help your child in the areas of need. For example, if your child struggles with adding or subtracting, ask the teacher how you can practice at home to help them improve their math.

In-School Interventions

Once needs are discussed, you’ll want to hear about what the school is doing to support areas of need. Response to Intervention (RtI) is one way schools attempt to address students’ academic needs. In an RtI system, students are grouped by areas of need to receive small group instruction regularly. For instance, if your child struggles with letter identification, they receive small group instruction.

Request information that tells you how your child is receiving additional support. Parent-teacher conferences should allow you to inquire about these educational needs. This information will also give you an idea of what to focus on at home.

How to Help from Home

The saying that parents are the first teachers at home is not just a saying. It is a fact. Inquire about how you can help from home and how to best monitor what’s happening in school. Some schools offer online account access to educational resources students can use from home. These may be applications or websites that help with reading, writing, or math. Obtain your child’s access and login information during the conference.

Inquire about homework policy and testing policy. For the upper-grade level, ask if grades are posted online for you to monitor progress in class. Obtain account access to Schoology or a home access account if necessary. Some teachers post grades more often when they know parents are checking and interested in their child’s progress. Make frequent checks of grading part of your action plan.


Parent-teacher conferences allow teachers and parents to collaborate to support a child’s education. Encourage your child to do their best and keep communications open with the classroom teachers to intervene as necessary. Inquire about the following conference schedule as a next step when required.

Share with us an important question to ask during a parent-teacher conference.

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2 thoughts on “10 Things You Must Discuss in Parent-Teacher Conferences”

    1. Hello Roselia.
      If a parent asks about medication a teacher will most likely refer you to the school nurse. Medications are handled by medical staff. Teachers can help support by reporting information or reporting concerns as necessary.

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